The Department of Anaesthesia has a long history of anaesthesia research and is currently involved in a broad range of research and audit projects.
In addition to supporting the ANZCA Clinical Trials Network, current research focuses include anaesthetic allergy, regional anaesthesia, perioperative medicine, postoperative cognitive dysfunction & delirium, frailty, and pain medicine.
For enquires regarding anaesthesia research contact the department research coordinator – Dr Dale Currigan (

      Post-Operative Delirium Action Group (PODA)

Post-operative cognitive function is an essential component of peri-operative care and ensures patients return to their baseline functional status after surgery. Post-operative delirium (POD) is recognised globally as contributing to increased mortality, morbidity, long-term cognitive dysfunction, discharge to higher-level care, readmission and cost to society2. The greatest risk factors for POD are advanced age and pre-operative cognitive dysfunction. The ‘STAR POD’ audit in 2017 at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital confirmed that post-operative delirium rates are an issue locally as they were similar to that in the literature (ranging from 13.2- 40%) 1.

The Post-Operative Delirium Action Group (PODA) is a multi-disciplinary group targeting minimisation and management of post-operative delirium. Founded by Dr Silke Brinkmann (Consultant Anaesthetist) and Elissa Campbell (Consultant Geriatrician) in 2016, the group consists of anaesthetists, geriatricians, specialist nurses, occupational therapy, physiotherapy and pharmacy. The group focuses on undertaking quality improvement projects to better identify individuals at risk of POD, and prevent/mitigate its occurrence. This has resulted in the development of more robust screening programs for pre-operative cognitive dysfunction for patients aged greater than 65; as well as development and implementation of a pathway for optimised care, for patients at risk1.

1Brinkmann, S., O’Hare, K., Lee., E., Mickle., P., Campbell, E., Currigan, D. (2018).  An Optimised Ortho-Geriatric Surgical Pathway for the Prevention and Management of Post-Operative Delirium: A Quality Improvement project at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.Departments of Anaesthesia and Geriatric Medicine, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Australia.

2O’Hare, K., Brinkmann, S., Currigan., D. (2019). Postoperative Delirium. Australasian Anaesthesia 2019: Invited papers and selected continuing education lectures.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists.

Departmental Publications


Russell T, Clarke R, Gardner A, Hennessy B, Watts SA. Anaesthesia trainees’ exposure to regional anaesthesia in an Australian tertiary adult teaching hospital. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 472-476

Sadleir PHM, Gardner AI, Hennessy B. Adverse events in the removal of naltrexone implants. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 895-898.

Gardner AI, Gibbs NM. Cardiac Valvular Disease and Liver Transplantation: In Cardiovascular Diseases and Liver Transplantation Anaesthesia. Zoka Milan (Ed). Nova publishers. New York, 2011 (Book Chapter).

Gibbs NM. Recent changes improving accessibility and transparency. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011;39:15 (Editors note).

Gibbs NM. Right or wrong about the probability of being wrong. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 305 (letter-reply).

Gibbs NM. Retraction of articles with misleading information. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011;39:344 (Editor’s note)

Gibbs NM. Hypocoagulability, hypercoagulability and the interpretation of normal kaolin activated thrombelastographs in the perioperative period. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 793 (Editorial).

Hocking G, Hebard S, Mitchell C. A Review of the Benefits and Pitfalls of Phantoms in Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2011; 36:

Brinkmann S, Mitchell C, Hocking G. Assessment of a single-operator real-time ultrasound-guided epidural technique in a porcine phantom, Can J Anaesth 2011.

C Huxtable, LJ Roberts, A Somogyi, P Macintyre. Acute pain management in opioid tolerant patients: a growing challenge. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 804-823. [invited review]

P Platt, L Roberts. Anaphylaxis to patent blue dye – misadventure or misdemeanour? Anaesth Intensive Care 2011;39:166-7. [invited editorial].

Platt P, Roberts LJ. Anaphylaxis to patent blue dye – reply. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 760. [Letter reply]

Dove P, Gilmour F, Weightman WM, Hocking G. Patient perceptions of regional anesthesia: influence of gender, recent anesthesia experience and perioperative concerns. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2011; 36: 332-5

Penney JA, Hocking G, Weightman WM. Transient sevoflurane output failure in a Datum vaporiser with concurrent foreign body. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 313-314.

Tak CV, Weightman WM. Near-miss arterial line error. Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 313-314

Weightman WM, Hocking G. What are we telling our patients? Anaesth Intensive Care 2011; 39: 123


Clarke RC, Sadleir PH, Platt PR. The role of sugammadex in the development and modification of an allergic response to rocuronium: evidence from a cutaneous model. Anaesthesia 2012; 67: 266-273.

RC Clarke. Rethinking pholcodine prescribing. Medical Forum, WA 2012. June: 2.

Clarke R, Sadleir P, Platt P. Sugammadex and rocuronium-induced anaphylaxis – A reply. Anaesthesia 2012; 67: 1170-1183.

Faris JG, Royse CF, Perioperative Transthoracic Echocardiography in Australasia: Current Position and Future Directions, Australasian Anaesthesia 2011 pp171-176

Royse CF, Haji DL, Faris JG, Veltman MG, Kumar A, Royse AG. Evaluation of the interpretative skills of participants of a limited transthoracic echocardiography training course (H.A.R.T.scan® course). Anaesth Intensive Care 2012; 40: 498-504.

Faris J, Hartley K, Fuller C, Langston R, Royse C, Veltman M: Audit of cardiac pathology detection using a criteria-based perioperative echocardiography service. Anaesth Intensive Care 2012; 40: 702-9

Royse CF, Canty DJ, Faris J, Haji DL, Veltman M, Royse A. re Review: Physician-Performed Ultrasound: The Time Has Come for Routine Use in Acute Care Medicine. Anesth Analg. 2012; 15: 1007-1028

Gibbs NM, Weightman WM. Beyond effect size: Consideration of the minimum effect size of interest in anesthesia trials. Anesth Analg 2012; 114: 471-475.

Weightman WM, Gibbs NM. Management of coagulation: an Australian perspective. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2012; 25: 86-95.

Gibbs NM. Risks of anaesthesia and surgery in elderly patients. Anaesth Intensive Care 2012; 40: 14-16. (Editorial)

Gibbs NM, Kam PCA. Sugammadex: restricted vs unrestricted or selective vs non-selective? Anaesth Intensive Care 2012; 40: 213-215. (Editorial)

Gibbs NM, Larach DR. Anesthetic management during cardiopulmonary bypass. In Hensley R, Martin D, Gravlee GP, Eds. A practical approach to cardiac anesthesia. 5th Ed, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, New York, 2012, pp214-237. (Book Chapter)

Gibbs NM, Ed. Safety of Anaesthesia in Australia 2006-2008. Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists, Melbourne, 2012. (National Report).

Lennon MJ, Zaw N, Wenk M. Procedural Complications of Central Venous Catheter Insertion. Minerva Anesthesiologica 2012; 78: 1234-1240.

Hocking, G, Mitchell, CH. Optimizing the safety and practice of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia: the role of echogenic technology. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2012; 25: 603-609.

Russell T, Cooper RM. Anesthesia for thyroid and parathyroid surgery, in Anesthesia for Otolaryngologic Procedures, B Abdelmalak and J Doyle, Eds. Cambridge University Press, 2012. (Book Chapter)

T Russell, S Khan, J Elman, R Kalznelson, RM Cooper. Measurement of forces applied during Macintosh direct compared with GlideScope® video laryngoscopy. Anaesthesia 2012: 67; 626–631.

T Russell, S Riazi, N Kraeva, A Steel, L Hawryluck. Ecstacy-induced delayed rhabdomyolysis and neuroleptic malignant syndrome in a patient with a novel variant in the ryanodine receptor type 1 gene. Anaesthesia 2012: 67; 1021–1024.

T Russell. GlideScope versus flexible fiber-optic for awake upright laryngoscopy. Ann Emerg Med 2012: 59; 236-237.

Tan C, Ries CR, Mayson K, Gharapetian A, Griesdale DEG. Indication for Surgery and the Risk of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting After Craniotomy: A Case-Control Study. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology: 2012; 24: 325-330.


Hutchinson J, Hor KF, Wong YM, Mitchell C. View of the internal jugular vein and carotid artery in their true anatomical position. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 1013; 30: 258-259.

Brinkmann S, Tang R, Sawka A, Vaghadia H, Single Operator Real-time ultrasound-guided spinal injection using SonixGPSTM: a case series Can J Anaesth 2013; 60: 896-901; DOI 10.1007/s12630-013-9984-9.

Brinkmann S, Germaine G, Sawka A, Tang R, Vaghadia H; Is there a place for ultrasound in neuraxial anaesthesia? Imaging Med 2013; 5: 2.
Bridgman DE, Clarke RC, Sadleir PHM, Stedmon JJ, Platt PR. Systemic mastocytosis presenting as intraoperative anaphylaxis with atypical features: a report of two cases. Anaesth Intensive Care 2013; 41: 116-121.

Platt PR, Sadleir PH, Clarke RC. Sugammadex, rocuronium and mast cell numbers in the rat liver. Anaesthesia 2013; 68; 208-209.

Sadleir PH, Clarke RC, Bunning DL, Platt PR. Anaphylaxis to neuromuscular blocking drugs: incidence and cross-reactivity in Western Australia from 2002 to 2011. Br J Anaesth 2013; 110: 981-987.

Gibbs NM, Sadleir PH, Clarke RC, Platt PR. Survival from peri operative anaphylaxis in Western Australia 2000-2009. Br J Anaesth 2013; 111: 589-593.

Gibbs NM. Errors in the interpretation of ‘no statistically significant difference’. Anaesth Intensive Care 2013; 41: 151-153.

Gibbs NM, Rodoreda P. Primary anaesthetic mortality in Western Australia 1985-2008: causation and preventability. Anaesth Intensive Care 2013; 41: 302-310

Gibbs NM. National anaesthesia mortality reporting in Australia 1985-2008. Anaesth Intensive Care 2013; 41: 294-301

Gibbs NM, McNicol L. To resuscitate or not to resuscitate? Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists’ Bulletin, Melbourne, 2013: pp40-42.

Hennessy B. HVLIA: the easy option? Anaesth Intensive Care 2013; 41: 456. (Editorial).

Wenk M, Lennon M. Training & supervision remain the key. Minerva Anestesiol. 2013; 79: 453

Edelman JJ, Seco M, Dunne B, Matzelle SJ, Murphy M, Joshi P, Yan TD, Wilson MK, Bannon PG, Vallely MP, Passage J. Custodiol for myocardial protection and preservation: a systematic review. Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2013; 2: 717-728.

J James B Edelman, Michael Seco, Ben Dunne, Shannon J Matzelle, Michelle Murphy, Pragnesh Joshi, Tristan D Yan, Michael K Wilson, Paul G Bannon, Michael P Vallely, Jurgen Passage. Systematic review protocol: single-dose histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate vs. intermittent crystalloid or blood cardioplegia. Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2013; 2: 677.

James Hutchinson, Kwok F. Hor, Yoke M. Wong and Chris Mitchell. View of the internal jugular vein and carotid artery in their true anatomical position. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2013; 30: 258-259.

A Lee, E O’Loughlin, LJ Roberts. A Double-blind Randomised Evaluation of Alfentanil and Morphine vs. Fentanyl: Analgesia and Sleep Trial (‘DREAMFAST’). Br J Anaesth 2013; 110: 293-298.

LJ Roberts. Workforce, a hot topic: what is the College doing? ANZCA Bulletin March 2013:12-13.

LJ Roberts. Workforce: a high priority for the College. ANZCA Bulletin December 2013;18.

LJ Roberts. ANZCA Curriculum shapes up well on the international stage. ANZCA Bulletin, December 2013; 37.

T Russell, A Roscoe, K McRae, P Slinger, A Van Rensburg. Randomized control trial comparing the GlideScope and Macintosh laryngoscope for double lumen endotracheal tube intubation. Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 1253-1258.

C Lee, T Russell, M Firat, RM Cooper. Forces generated by Macintosh and GlideScope laryngoscopes in four airway-training manikins, Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 492-496.

T Russell, C Mitchell, M Paech, T Pavy. Efficacy and safety of intraoperative intravenous methadone during general anaesthesia for caesarean delivery: a retrospective case control study. International Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia 2013; 22 : 47-51.

Tak CV, Edwards CS. Successful pulmonary artery catheter flotation in a patient with a persistent left superior vena cava. Anaesth Intensive Care 2013; 42

Hocking G, Weightman WM, Smith C, Gibbs NM, Sherrard K. Measuring the quality of anaesthesia from a patient’s perspective: development, validation and implementation of a short questionnaire. Br J Anaesth 2013; 111: 979-989 .


Brbich, MJ., Weightman, WM, Lucas, M. Desflurane vapour discolouration. Anaesthesia 2014; 69: 931. doi: 10.1111/anae.12767.

Sadleir PHM, Russell T, Clarke RC, Maycock E, Platt PR. Intraoperative anaphylaxis to sugammadex and a protocol for intradermal skin testing. Anaesth Intensive Care 2014; 42: 93-96.

Sadleir, Russell T, Clarke RC, Maycock E, Platt PR. Intraoperative anaphylaxis to sugammadex and a protocol for intradermal skin testing – Reply. Anaesth Intensive Care 2014; 42: 528.

Brusch AM, Clarke RC, Platt PR, Phillips EJ. Exploring the link between pholcodine exposure and neuromuscular blocking agent anaphylaxis. Br J Clinical Pharmacology 2014; 78: 14-23.

Brusch AM, Clarke RC, Platt PR, Phillips EJ. Exploring the link between pholcodine exposure and neuromuscular blocking agent anaphylaxis – Reply. Br J Clinical Pharmacology 2014; 78: 931-932.

Matzelle SJ, Murphy MJ, Weightman WM, Gibbs NM, Edelman JJB, Passage J. Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery using Single Dose Antegrade Custodiol Cardioplegia. Heart Lung Circulation 2014; 23: 863–868.

Gibbs NM, Weightman WM, Watts SA. New antithrombotic agents in the ambulatory setting. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2014; 27: 589-596.

Gibbs, NM, Weightman, WM. An audit of the statistical validity of conclusions of clinical superiority in anaesthesia journals. Anaesth Intensive Care 2014; 42: 599-607.

Gibbs NM. Jeanette Thirlwell: Three decades of service to the journal. Anaesth Intensive Care 2014; 42: 445-446. (Editorial)

Roberts, L. ANZCA Bulletin, President’s message (quarterly).

Roberts L, Biviano J. Frequently asked questions about anaesthesia workforce. ANZCA Bulletin Mar 2014:23-25.

Roberts L. ANZCA action on workforce. Australalian Anaesthetist Apr 2014.

Russell T, Ng L, Nathan E, Debenham E. Supplementation of standard pre-oxygenation with nasal prong oxygen or machine oxygen flush during a simulated leak scenario. Anaesthesia 2014; 69: 1133-1137.

R Fry, S Prager, P Shrivastava. Treatment concerns for anaesthetists with substance abuse disorder. Australasian Psychiatry, December 2014.

T Tay, J McDonald, P Shrivastava. Report triggers concerns about doctors’ mental health. ANZCA Bulletin March 2014.


Chuan, P. L. Graham, D. M. Wong, M. J. Barrington, D. B. Auyong, A. J. D. Cameron, Y. C. Lim, L. Pope, B. Germanoska, K. Forrest and C. F. Royse 12 Design and validation of the Regional Anaesthesia Procedural Skills Assessment Tool* Anaesthesia 2015, 70, 1401–1411

Platt PR, Clarke RC, Johnson GH, Sadleir PHM. Efficacy of sugammadex in rocuronium-induced or antibiotic-induced anaphylaxis. A case-control study. Anaesthesia 2015; 70(11): 1264-1267.

Platt PR, Sadleir P, Clarke R. Anaphylactic shock under anaesthesia: A reappraisal of the pathophysiology and management. Australasian Anaesthesia 2015: 67-74.

Gibbs NM, Gibbs SV. Misuse of ‘trend’ to describe ‘almost significant’ differences in anaesthesia research. Br J Anaesth 2015: doi: 10.1093/bja/aev149 (Editorial)

Gibbs NM, Weber LS, Brown S, Morgan N. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care: Maintaining our mission. Anaesth Intensive Care 2015; 43: 153-154.

Maddison KJ, Shepherd KL, Baker VA, Lawther BK et al. Effects on upper airway collapsibility of presence of a pharyngeal catheter. J Sleep Res 2015 Feb; 24:92-99.

L Roberts. Revalidation: implications for Australian anaesthetists. Anaesth Intensive Care 2015;43:652-61. PMID26310418 [invited special article].

Roberts LJ. Treating acute pain in patients with chronic non-cancer pain. Medicus 2015;55(2):29-30. [Invited]

Roberts L, Tan S, Cyna A. Pain scores – help or hindrance? ANZCA Bulletin Sep 2015:35.

Acute pain management: scientific evidence 4th edition. Sections on “The opioid tolerant patient” & “The patient with substance abuse or dependence disorder”

Shrivastava P, Zuccherelli L. Can we all survive propofol?. Anaesth Intensive Care 2015 43:1, 9-11.


Chuan A, Lim YC, Aneja H, Duce NA, Appleyard R, Forrest K, Royse CF. A randomised controlled trial comparing meat-based with human cadaveric models for teaching ultrasound-guided regional anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2016; 71: 921-929.

Soeding P, Currigan DA, Mamo Y, Ziogas J, Hoy G. Effect of Interscalene Anaesthesia on Cerebral Oxygen Saturation. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016; 44: 3.

Sadleir PHM, Clarke RC, Johnson GH, Platt PR. Cefalotin as antimicrobial prophylaxis in patients with known intraoperative anaphylaxis to cefazolin. Br J Anaesth 2016: 117: 464-469.

Ho G, Clarke RC, Sadleir PH, Platt PR. The first case report of anaphylaxis caused by the inclusion complex of rocuronium and sugammadex. Anesth Analg Case Reports 2016: 7: 190-192.

Gibbs NM. Research activities of Australian and New Zealand Anaesthetists. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016; 44: 9-10. (Editorial).

Gibbs, NM, Weightman, WM. The minimum clinically important difference is fundamental to all clinical trials. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2016; 33: 60.

Shanmugam S, Goulding G, Gibbs NM, Taraporewalla K, Culwick M. Chewing gum in the preoperative fasting period: an analysis of de-identified incidents reported to webAIRS. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016; 44: 281-284.

Gibbs NM, Weightman WM. A forcing strategy to improve the evaluation of clinical superiority in anaesthesia trials. Br J Anaesth 2016; 117: 281–283. (Editorial).

Culwick M, Merry A, Clarke D, Taraporewalla K, Gibbs NM. Bow-tie analysis for risk management in anaesthesia. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016; 44: 712-718.

Gibbs NM. Taken as read but not cited. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016; 44: 658-659. (Editorial)

Holldack HJ. How to avoid the Aintree Intubation Catheter getting stuck inside the LMA. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016; 44: 428-429.

Holldack HJ, Morandell KJ. Using oxygen to improve the local anaesthetic atomisation capabilities of the LMA MADgicTM malleable stylet during awake fibreoptic intubation: a simple and effective technique. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016; 44: 523-524.

Platt PR, Sadleir, PHM, Clarke, RC, Kidman J, Blundell C , Jeelall Y, Fisher E, O’Sullivan M ASCIA P44: Assessing the utility of the basophil activation test for diagnosis of suspected anaesthetic or antibiotic allergy in a Western Australian cohort”. Internal Medicine Journal 2016; 46 (S4): 18.

Platt PR, Sadleir, PHM, Clarke, RC, Sugammadex in anaphylaxis – a case control study? A reply. Anaesthesia 2016; 71: 237-238.

Platt PR, Mertes PM, Volcheck GW, Garvey LH, Takazawa T. Epidemiology of perioperative anaphylaxis. La Presse Médicale 2016; 45: 758-767.

Roberts LJ, Jones O. Assessing anaesthesia trainees at work: opportunities and challenges. Anaesth Intens Care 2016; 44: 194-7. PMID 27029670.

Tak C. Modified Valsalva Maneuver For Venous Cannulation In Cardiopulmonary Bypass For Minimal Incision Mitral Valve Surgery International Society of Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery Journal 2016; 11.

Gibbs NM, Weightman WM. The minimum clinically important difference is fundamental to all clinical trials. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2016; 33 : 60.

Gibbs NM, Weightman WM, Ho KM. Anesthesia Outcomes and Chance. Anesth Analg 2016; 122: 1717-1718.


MT Crockett, AE Robinson, H Aneja, TJ Phillips. Posterior meningeal artery DMSO injection resulting in reproducible asystole prior to Onyx therapy of a dural arteriovenous fistula: a previously undescribed variant of the trigeminocardiac reflex or a new phenomenon? BMJ Case Reports 2017; 24: (bcr2017221033).

Sadleir PHM, Clarke RC, Bozic B, Platt PR. Consequences of proceeding with surgery after resuscitation from intra-operative anaphylaxis. Anaesthesia 2018; 73: 32-39.

Gardner A, Macpherson R. Preparing candidates for the ANZCA primary examination vivas. In: Riley R (Ed). Australasian Anaesthesia, 2018; pp 301-306.

Gibbs NM. Culwick MD, Merry AF. A cross-sectional overview of the first 4,000 incidents reported to webAIRS, a de-identified web-based anaesthesia incident reporting system in Australia and New Zealand. Anaesth Intens Care 2017; 45: 28-35.

Gibbs NM. Culwick MD, Merry AF. Patient and procedural factors associated with an increased risk of harm or death in the first 4,000 incidents reported to webAIRS
 Anaesth Intensive Care 2017; 45: 159-165. 

Gibbs NM. Anaesthesia, not for resuscitation orders, and shared decision-making. Anaesth Intensive Care 2017; 45: 289-290 (Editorial)

Gibbs NM. Can the timing of perioperative fluids affect hospital length of stay? Anaesth Intensive Care 2017, 45: 5. (Editorial)

Richards S, Torre L, Lawther BK. Buprenorphine related complications in elderly hospitalised patients – case series. Anaesth Intensive Care 2017; 45; 256-261.

Majedi, Payam Max. Medicinal Cannabis. Medical Forum, 2017.

LJ Roberts. Understanding the lives of Anaesthesia trainees. Anaesth Intensive Care 2017; 45: 660-662. [invited editorial]

LJ Roberts. 25 Years of ANZCA Leadership, “Anaesthesia training – 25 years on”. ANZCVA, 2017

LJ Roberts. 25 Years of ANZCA Leadership, “Women in leadership”. ANZCA, 2017

LJ Roberts. Ways of seeing featured profile in “Doctors in the Arts”, Medical Forum, 2017

L Horgan, B Knezevic, E Klinken, R Clarke, P Sadleir, P Platt, C Bundell “Just a spoonful of cough syrup: A Case of Pholcodine Hypersensitivity”. Internal Medicine Journal 2017; 47 (S5): 10-10.

Shrivastava, P. Long Lives, Healthy Workplaces. Australian Anaesthetist, December 2017.


Sadleir PHM, Clarke RC, Bozic B, Platt PR. Consequences of proceeding with surgery after resuscitation from intra-operative anaphylaxis. Anaesthesia 2018; 73: 32-39.

Sadleir PHM, Clarke RC, Lim BSL, Platt PR. Epinephrine (adrenaline) preventing recovery from intraoperative anaphylactic shock complicated by systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Anaesth Intensive Care 2018; 46: 566-571.

Edwards RM, Currigan DA, Bradbeer S, Mitchell C. Does a catheter over needle system reduce infusate leak in continuous peripheral nerve blockade: a randomised controlled trial. Anaesth Intensive Care 2018; 46: 468-47.

Weightman WM, Gibbs NM. The proportion of adults who have major vessels anterior to the trachea at sites of potential emergency airway access. Br J Anaesth 2018; 121: 1166-1172.

Matzelle SM, Weightman WM, Gibbs NM. An audit of the diagnostic accuracy of rotational thrombelastography for the assessment of hypofibrinogenemia and thrombocytopenia during cardiopulmonary bypass. Anaesth Intensive Care 2018; 46: 620-626.

MJ Lennon, FJ Torlot, J. Micallef, RJ Khan, P Vasantharao, Persistent opioid use after arthroplasty. Anaesth Intensive Care 2018; 46: 629-630.

SC Sargant, MJ Lennon, RJ Khan, D Fick, H Robertson, S Haebich. Extended duration regional analgesia for total knee arthroplasty: a randomised controlled trial comparing five days to three days of continuous adductor canal ropivacaine infusion. Anaesth Intensive Care 2018; 46: 326-331.

Gibbs NM, Matzelle SJ. Management of cardiopulmonary bypass. In Gravlee GP, Shaw AD, Bartels, K (Eds). Hensley’s practical approach to cardiothoracic anesthesia 6th ed. Lippincott Williams, Wilkins, USA (Book Chapter).

Roberts LJ. Addressing burnout in anaesthesia trainees – reply. Anaesth Intensive Care 2018; 46: 342. [Letter reply].

Majedi PM, Back to Grass Roots. Medical Forum, 2018


Cordovani D, Russell T, Wee W, Suen A, Cooper RM. Measurement of forces applied using a Macintosh direct laryngoscope compared with a Glidescope video laryngoscope in patients with predictors of difficult laryngoscopy: A randomised controlled trial. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2019; 36: 221-226.